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linux下如何部署php環境

2020年01月11日 操作系統 ⁄ 共 7355字 ⁄ 字號 評論關閉

  linux下部署php項目環境可以分為兩種,一種使用Apache,php,mysql的壓縮包安裝,一種用yum命令進行安裝。

  使用三種軟件的壓縮包進行安裝,需要手動配置三者之間的關系。apache和php之間的配置沒有什么難度,但是和mysql進行配置的時候就需要對php的了解了。

  以下是用yum在linux中配置php環境:

  MySql

  1.mysql和apache最好是首先進行安裝的,因為在配置php的時候需要與mysql和apache進行關聯配置和測試

  首先下載mysql-sever文件,因為博主linux環境是CentOS版本,yum源中貌似沒有正常安裝mysql時的mysql-sever文件,需要去官網上下載

  下載mysql-service文件

  [[email protected] ~]# wget

  mysql-service

  [[email protected] ~]# rpm -ivh mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm

  2.安裝mysql

  [[email protected] ~]# yum install mysql-community-server

  3.安裝完畢之后啟動mysql服務

  [[email protected] ~]# service mysqld restart

  4. 初步安裝的mysql是沒有密碼的,用戶名默認是root。所以我們需要修改密碼,用mysql命令行進行修改

  進入mysql命令行

  [[email protected] ~]# mysql -urootWelcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.Your MySQL connection id is 474801Server version: 5.6.36 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

  Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

  affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

  owners.Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.mysql>

  使用命令進行密碼修改

  mysql> set password for 'root'@'localhost' = password('你要修改的密碼');

  Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.06 sec)

  5.因為博主是用本地navicat軟件來連接linux下的mysql的,所以如果要在本地訪問的話,就需要改一下mysql數據庫中的user表了

  操作mysql數據庫表

  mysql> use mysql;

  Reading table information for completion of table and column names

  You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

  Database changedmysql>

  查看user表中的數據(在mysql命令行中可以直接進行sql語句編寫)

  mysql> select * from user;+-----------+------+-----------------------------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+---------------+--------------+-----------+------------+-----------------+------------+------------+--------------+------------+-----------------------+------------------+--------------+-----------------+------------------+------------------+----------------+---------------------+--------------------+------------------+------------+--------------+------------------------+----------+------------+-------------+--------------+---------------+-------------+-----------------+----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+------------------+

  | Host | User | Password | Select_priv | Insert_priv | Update_priv | Delete_priv | Create_priv | Drop_priv | Reload_priv | Shutdown_priv | Process_priv | File_priv | Grant_priv | References_priv | Index_priv | Alter_priv | Show_db_priv | Super_priv | Create_tmp_table_priv | Lock_tables_priv | Execute_priv | Repl_slave_priv | Repl_client_priv | Create_view_priv | Show_view_priv | Create_routine_priv | Alter_routine_priv | Create_user_priv | Event_priv | Trigger_priv | Create_tablespace_priv | ssl_type | ssl_cipher | x509_issuer | x509_subject | max_questions | max_updates | max_connections | max_user_connections | plugin | authentication_string | password_expired |

  +-----------+------+-----------------------------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+---------------+--------------+-----------+------------+-----------------+------------+------------+--------------+------------+-----------------------+------------------+--------------+-----------------+------------------+------------------+----------------+---------------------+--------------------+------------------+------------+--------------+------------------------+----------+------------+-------------+--------------+---------------+-------------+-----------------+----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+------------------+| % | root | *3ce8dad2446975d8b0c771bd7e48d15b | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | | | | | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | mysql_native_password | | N || localhost | root | *3ce8dad2446975d8b0c771bd7e48d15b | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | | | | | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | mysql_native_password | | N |

  | 127.0.0.1 | root | *3ce8dad2446975d8b0c771bd7e48d15b | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | | | | | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | mysql_native_password | | N |

  | ::1 | root | *3ce8dad2446975d8b0c771bd7e48d15b | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | Y | | | | | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | mysql_native_password | | N || tele-1 | | | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | N | | | | | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | mysql_native_password | NULL | N |

  +-----------+------+-----------------------------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+---------------+--------------+-----------+------------+-----------------+------------+------------+--------------+------------+-----------------------+------------------+--------------+-----------------+------------------+------------------+----------------+---------------------+--------------------+------------------+------------+--------------+------------------------+----------+------------+-------------+--------------+---------------+-------------+-----------------+----------------------+-----------------------+-----------------------+------------------+

  rows in set (0.00 sec)mysql>

  表中是修改之后的表了,想要遠程訪問,就需要上邊紅色標注的數據了,Host指的是可以訪問此數據庫的ip地址,%代表的是所有的請求都可以連接進來。

  大家可以修改一條數據,也可以添加一條數據。但是最好不要修改上邊藍色標注的數據,修改語句就是下邊的格式

  mysql> update user set Host = '%' where ???

  最后推出exit或者\q都是退出mysql命令行的方法

  mysql> \q

  Bye

  安裝Apache

  apache安裝方法相對簡單

  [[email protected] ~]# yum install httpd

  外網訪問虛擬機中的地址,我們就需要修改一下apache的配置文件/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

  找到  #ServerName http://www.example.com:80改為  ServerName localhost:80

  找到  #Listen  改為  Listen:8080(linux中開放的端口號80XX)

  修改完成之后我們需要再次啟動httpd服務,并查看啟動狀態

  [[email protected] ~]# service httpd startRedirecting to /bin/systemctl start httpd.service

  [[email protected] ~]# service httpd statusRedirecting to /bin/systemctl status httpd.service

  httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server

  Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)

  Active: active (running) since Mon 2017-06-05 15:57:34 CST; 5s ago

  Docs: man:httpd(8)

  man:apachectl(8)

  Process: 54532 ExecStop=/bin/kill -WINCH ${MAINPID} (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

  Process: 39046 ExecReload=/usr/sbin/httpd $OPTIONS -k graceful (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

  Main PID: 54573 (httpd)

  Status: "Processing requests..."

  Memory: 15.8M

  CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service

  ├─54573 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

  ├─54576 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

  ├─54577 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

  ├─54578 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

  ├─54579 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

  └─54580 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

  Jun 05 15:57:34 tele-2 systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...Jun 05 15:57:34 tele-2 systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.

  此時你就可以訪問你的服務器了,輸入localhost或者ip地址,出現一個Apache test page powered by centos的測試頁面

  PHP

  1.php安裝命令

  [[email protected] ~]# yum install php

  2.直接一路安裝,安裝完成之后再次重啟httpd服務

  [[email protected] ~]# service httpd startRedirecting to /bin/systemctl start httpd.service

  3.重啟之后我們進行測試PHP相關信息,我們新建一個PHP界面進行測試

  在apache默認頁面路徑/var/www/html下新建一個test.php頁面,添加代碼。

  4.訪問這個頁面,輸入localhost/test.php,或者

  ip:端口號/test.php就可以看見php環境的配置信息了。如圖:

  關聯php和mysql

  1.搜索模塊

  [[email protected] ~]# yum search php

  2.安裝相關模塊

  [[email protected] ~]# yum install php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc

  3.安裝完成,重啟mysqld,重啟httpd

  重新訪問剛才的info.php,我們發現已經多了MySQL的相關信息。如右圖:

  至此,php在linux中的運行環境就已經成功配置完成了。

  1.mysql yum安裝默認文件夾及相關命令

  /var/lib/mysql/

  :/usr/share/mysql(mysql.server)

  /usr/bin(mysqladmin mysqldump)

  my.cnf: /etc/my.cnf

  :/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql

  :service mysql start

  停止命令:service mysql stop

  運行狀態:service mysql status

  2.apache

  配置文件路徑:/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

  service httpd start

  service httpd stop

  運行狀態:service httpd status

  3.php

  php默認頁面路徑:/var/www/html

  以上就是linux下如何部署php項目,詳細內容請關注學步園。

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